Use et al. for in-text citations to works with 3 or more authors. If your source has 3 or more authors, it is only necessary to include the last name of the first author, who is also listed in your Works Cited entry. Follow the name with the abbreviation et al. and the page number where the material you paraphrased or cited appears If you would like to cite more than one source within the same in-text citation, simply record the in-text citations as normal and separate them with a semi-colon. Examples: (Smith 42; Bennett 71). (It Takes Two; Brock 43). Note: The sources within the in-text citation do not need to be in alphabetical order for MLA style If a book has two authors, simply list one author and include the word and followed by the other author's name. When it comes to books with three or more authors, you can list all the names, or you can simply cite the first author and then include et al. Be sure to list the names of the authors in the same order in which they appear on the title page Similar to when citing a single author, you must also remember to invert the first author's name. Follow this name with a comma then the second name. Then remember to follow it with the word and before writing the second author's name in the same format
Book with More Than One Author When a book has two authors, order the authors in the same way they are presented in the book. Start by listing the first name that appears on the book in last name, first name format; subsequent author names appear in normal order (first name last name format). Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner MLA 8th edition has simplified the rule for citing multiple authors. Three or more authors are all treat the same way, using the words et al. This is not an abbreviation! See below
¹ For in-text citations (Per the MLA Handbook (8th edition), p. 55: Including only the author name and page number in a parenthetical citation is insufficient if more than one work appears under that author's name in the work cited list. In that case, include a shortened version of the source's title Ask the MLA alphabetization in-text citations paraphrases using sources If more than one source for a paraphrased idea is cited in a parenthetical citation, in what order do I list the sources? If you paraphrase a single idea from more than one source and the sources are equally important, the order in which you list them is up to you Always cite both authors' names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found... 3-5 Authors: Provide all the authors' last names when you first refer to a document with 3-5 authors. Only list the first author with the Latin abbreviation et al. for any subsequent references. Example: Jones, Chavez, Jackson, and Chen (2010) duplicated..
One Author in-text citation in MLA. To format an in-text citation of a source with one author, include the author's last name, and the page number or page range in parentheses. For example: (Wollstonecraft 26) If the author's name is already stated in the sentence, give only the page number or page range in parenthesis at the end of the. If you would like to cite more than one source within the same in-text citation, simply record the in-text citations as normal and separate them with a semicolon. Examples: (Smith 42; Bennett 71). (It Takes Two; Brock 43). Note: The sources within the in-text citation do not need to be in alphabetical order for MLA style MLA Citation Style, 8th Edition: Multiple Authors or Editors One Author or Editor NOTE: In the case of more than three authors or editors, it is also acceptable to include all of the authors' or editors' names in the in-text parenthetical reference and works cited entry, if you choose to do so. Whichever you choose, be consistent If the author's name appears in the text, it is not repeated in the citation. Only the page number is required. Example: T has argued that it is impossible that Branwell could have written this work (57). If you are citing more than one reference at the same point in your document, separate the references with a semicolon. Example It's important that you correctly cite the last name of the author (s) whose work you're referencing. To correctly cite the author, always begin the citation with the author's last name, a comma, and the rest of the name as it appears on the source. Place a period after the author's name. Below are examples for citing one or more authors
To create In-text citations in MLA: Format is (Author #) - don't spell out the word page before the number; Can leave off Author name in the citation if name is included in sentence; If your source is a web page, use paragraph number, counting down from the top - (Author par. #) Comes at the end of the sentence before the perio If you need to cite more than one source in your in-text citation, you should use a semicolon to separate the sources. (Jones 101; Williams 23). It's important to remember, in MLA style, each citation in your text must have a complete bibliographic entry in your Works Cited page, so, if readers want to go to the original source, they can
. I say this based on the MLA guidelines found here If a work has more than 2 authors, MLA gives you the option of listing only the first author followed by et al. (Latin for and others) More than one source written by the same author. When you have more than one source from the same author, you must distinguish between them in the citation by adding the title: (Mirando, Dinosaurs) and (Mirando, Jurassic Wilderness). If you name the author in the sentence, just put the title in parentheses in quotation marks MLA Citation Style, 7th Edition: Multiple Authors or Editors One Author or Editor NOTE: In the case of more than three authors or editors, it is also acceptable to include all of the authors' or editors' names in the in-text parenthetical reference and works cited entry, if you choose to do so. Whichever you choose, be consistent
. Examples: journal article (Smith, Common Errors 7). book (Smith, Library Fun 227) The examples found in the MLA section are based on the manual MLA Handbook, 8th ed., 2016.. In-text citations must appear in your paper whenever you use information or ideas belonging to other people.The role of in-text citations is to give just enough details to point your reader to the complete citation found in your Works Cited list.. MLA in-text citations use parenthetical references
Include a parenthetical citation at the end of the last paraphrased sentence that includes the page number (s) you are citing from, such as (56-58). If you have more than one book by the same author in your references, include a shortened title in your citation to differentiate the source, such as (Title 56-58) If more than one author have the same last name, include all the author's first initials in all text citations: (J. Anderson 20) If both authors have the same surname and first initial, provide the authors' full name: (John Anderson 20) If citing multiple works by the same author, include the short form of the source's title. (Baron. if you you cite works by more than one author with the same last name, add the author's first initial, or the full name if the initials are the same if there are two coauthors include both names, connected by and if there are three or more coauthors, use the first author's name followed by et al The work cited entry text should be left-justified; if an entry is more than one line, indent the subsequent line(s) half an inch from the left margin. For more information, please see the MLA Style Center's webpage on Formatting a Research Paper. NOTE: The library's webpage doesn't show the hanging indent in our examples
When the author is referred to more than once in the same paragraph, you may use a single MLA in-text citation at the end of the paragraph (as long as the work cannot be confused with others cited). On Photography posits that to collect photographs is to collect the world . According to MLA guidelines, the in-text citation includes the author's last name and the page number on which the quoted or paraphrased material appears in the source text If there is more than one text by the same author in your works cited list, you will need to give your readers a bit more information than the author's last name to help them find the source being cited. Follow the author's last name with the first word of the title: (McKitterick, Old 25-26) (McKitterick, Print 200 8. References list has more than one author with the same last name. If your bibliography includes two authors with the same last name, Milton Friedman and Thomas Friedman, for example, include the author's first initial in the parenthetical citation or the signal phrase
. (Australia Fires) Multiple sources by the same author: Include the title (or a shortened version) after the author's name in each source citation. (Morrison, Beloved, 73) (Morrison, Sula, 45 Yes. In MLA style, when a work has more than two authors or editors, the works-cited-list entry provides the name of the lead author or . . . Published 13 April 2018. Ask the MLA more than two authors one author titles of works two authors works-cited lists Book with more than Three Authors (155-156) The general format below refers to a book with more than three authors. If you are dealing with a book that has more than three editors instead of authors, insert the names of the editors into the place where the authors' names are now, followed by a comma and the word eds. without the quotation marks ( as per the example ) Examples of in-text citations: According to a study by Smith (qtd. in Kirkey) 42% of doctors would refuse to perform legal euthanasia. Smith (qtd. in Kirkey) states that even if euthanasia was legal, 42% of doctors would be against this method of assisted dying (A.10). Example of Reference list citation: Kirkey, Susan. Euthanasia in your text) According to one prominent researcher, one of the root causes of poverty is systemic barriers (Johansson 15). Johansson notes that one of the root causes of poverty is systemic barriers (15). Sources With More Than One Author or a Corporate Author [MLA 21-25] Format 1 Format 2 2 authors -----(Patel and Tuhoe 63.
Including only the author name and page number in a parenthetical citation is insufficient if more than one work appears under that author's name in the work cited list. In that case, include a shortened version of the source's title. In-text citations: (Haynes, Noah's Curse 84) (Haynes, The Last Segregated Hour 57 The MLA system uses in-text citations rather than footnotes or endnotes. The citations in-text are very brief, usually just the author's last name and a relevant page number, in parenthesis at a natural pause in your text. The in-text citation should unambiguously direct the reader to the entry in your works-cited list at the end of your document In-text Citation: Works Cited: Book with author(s) and editors - citing a portion written by the author(s) (Tynan 131) Tynan, Kenneth. The Kansas Farm Murders. The Critical Response to Truman Capote, edited by Joseph J. Waldmeir and John C. Waldmeir, Greenwood Press, 1999, pp. 129-34 To paraphrase you must put an idea into your own words and indicate your source using in-text citation.. To summarize you write a short description with less detail than if you were paraphrasing. You must also cite your source and use an in-text citation. To analyze you examine and evaluate the elements that make up a written work and explain why it is effective or not
In-Text Citation (Jones 378). In-Text Citation, Two Authors List the two author's last names. (Jones and Miller 378). In-Text Citation, Three or More Authors. You will put et al. to indicate after the first author's last name to indicate and others. (Jones et al. 378) . Dates. The format of all dates is: Date Month (shortened) Year. E.g. 5 Sept. 2012. Page Numbers. If there is more than one page put pp. before the page numbers. If there is only one page put p In MLA style, format quotations of more than four lines of prose or more than three lines of verse as block quotations. this is called an in-text citation. Source by a Single Author. If the source is written by one author, the citation should begin with the author's last name, a comma, the rest of the author's name, and then a. MLA Style; In Text Citation Toggle Dropdown. Multiple works by the same author • If listing one of two or more works by the same author, insert a comma after the author's name, then add a short form of the source title and the page reference:' More than one work cite
In-text citation in MLA style for more than one work by the same author: If you list includes more than one work by the same author, add a short version of the title for citing. Example: One writer says, Art, especially great art must engage in the nervous system (Harris, Art for soul 43) In-text citation for edited books Kate, Librarian: When paraphrasing and creating an in-text citation, you will use the author's name(s) and the date only. For example, (Smith, 2016). The textbook or book's title will be included in the reference page, and not in the in-text citation In-Text Citation Example (Author's Last Name Page Number) (Schmidt A11) Note: If an article is only one page long, you do not need to provide the page number in the in-text citation. Note: If there is no author listed, the in-text citation would include the first word or words of the title of the article in quotation marks, e.g. (Companies) If you have three or more authors, cite only the name of the first author listed followed by a comma and et al. Last Name, First Name Middle Name, et al. For in-text citations, use (Author's Last Name et al. Page Number
MLA citation Style. Download the MLA 8th Quick Guide (728KB) The MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. The following examples are based on the MLA Handbook (8th ed., 2016). MLA uses a two-part system of citation: In-text citation: short. Include the first part of your citation, mostly likely the author or title. You do not need to include a section or paragraph number. More than one work by a particular author: Include part of the title. (Harrison, Best Colleges 3
MULTIPLE CITATIONS (Barthes 48; Ulmer 112) *Sometimes you'll cite more than one author in the same sentence. When you do this, include both authors in the parenthetical reference, separated by a semicolon. In-Text Citations List for Digital Sources. When citing sources you found on the Internet, follow three basic rules These are basic guidelines to citing sources for your works cited page using MLA style. If you need to cite a different type of source, see the MLA style guide in the Reference area of the library (2nd floor) or use one of the links listed on the right. Book, one author. Basic Format for Books: Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication MLA In-text citations. In-text citations should be as brief and as clear as possible. Their purpose is to unobtrusively guide readers to the corresponding entry in your list of works cited.. Generally, a parenthetical citation includes the author's last name and the page number(s) of the information used.. Direct Quotation
For multiple citations in one sentence MLA, you will need to mention the name of the first author and then the et al phrase (that means others) excluding quotation marks. For instance, In a discussion by Dee and his colleagues.or you can include in-text citations in the end as (Dee et al. 43) For MLA citation, every source must be cited in two places: (1) in the text of the essay where the source is used, and (2) the Works Cited page. The source must be cited in both places, not one or the other. The information you are required to convey in both places is different for each, as follows: In-Text Citations Last name of the author. Three or more authors (MLA Handbook 116) If the work has three or more authors, use the first author's last name followed by et al. Example: (Watstein et al. 483) Corporate author (MLA Handbook 117 3. In-Text Citations: Author-Page Style MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in th T/F You should not use the authors' last names in the citation if the authors' names appear in the text. T/F You only use et al when you are citing a text with more than three authors. /F When you use quotations in the text, you place the citation before the last quotation mark
In-text citations generally include two elements: the last name(s) of the author(s) and the locator(page number, paragraph number, section number, etc.). Crediting Sources with More than One Author. When a source has three or more authors, use the first-listed author plus and others in the text You need to include the author's last name, or the title or shortened version of the title if there is not an author. In addition, you will need to include the page number or numbers unless you are referring to an entire work. If you have more than one work by the same author, you will also need to indicate which work you are referencing *MLA 8th edition did not change the format of in-text citations. Same guidelines from 7th edition apply. In-Text Citations. After a quote, add the author's last name and a page reference. This is usually enough to identify the source and the specific location from which you borrowed the material Book with One Author. Hoffman, Alice. The Marriage of Opposites. Simon & Schuster, 2015. MLA Handbook by The Modern Language Association of America. Call Number: LB2369 .G53 2016. Publication Date: 2016-04-01 MLA In-Text Citation × MLA In-Text Citation FlowChart. More than One Author. When there are 2-3 authors, you can list all the names, followed by the page number in parentheses. MLA in text citation example: Everything goes away, Jack Sawyer, like the moon. Everything comes back, like the moon (King, Steven, and Straub 78)
For prose quotes of four lines or less, include the quote in the text in quotation marks, followed by (author's last name page number). For prose quotes of more than four lines, use a block quotation. Place a colon at the end of the line that you write to introduce your long quotation Cite a newspaper article as you would a magazine article, but note the different pagination in most newspapers. If there is more than one edition available for that date (as in an early and late edition of a newspaper), identify the edition after the newspaper title. Author's Last Name, First Name. Title of Article: Subtitle if Any If there are two or three authors of the source, include their last names in the order they appear on the source. (Smith, Wollensky, and Johnson 45) If there are more than three authors, you can cite all the authors with their last name, or you can cite the first author followed by et al. Follow what is shown the works cited list
More than one work by the same author: If you have several works by the same author in your works cited, use the author's last name, the first word of the title in quotations and the page. NOTE: if the first word of the title is insignificant, such as an, the, for, by, etc. use the next word in the title This offers a more streamlined reading experience than using footnotes. The format of the in-text citations varies depending on the type of source you are citing and the structure of the sentence containing it. Generally speaking, an in-text citation includes author name(s) and page number(s) In-Text Citation Example; Two (Author's Last Name and Author's Last Name Page Number) Example: (Case and Daristotle 57) Three or more (Author's Last Name et al. Page Number) Example: (Case et al. 57) <<
MLA: Parenthetical citation in MLA style must include at least the author's name. It should also include the page number if a specific page is cited, and a short title if more than one work by the same author is listed in the Works Cited page at the end of the paper When you use more than one source for a statement that you write, the citation can be presented using semi-colons between works e.g. and a number of studies have shown identical results (Sanders 118; Smith 11-14). If there is no author or the author is the publisher, then the title is used in text to refer to your source One work, multiple authors: In parenthetical citations use the word and in the in-text citation with more than one author (Hacker and Sommers 460). Hacker and Sommers state that if no page number is available such as in a website then it is acceptable to not provide it (460). If you have additional questions, please refer to the MLA Style.
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is one way to format an essay and document sources. MLA is commonly used in the humanities. Each citation style values something different and MLA values location (for example, what book was referenced and where you may find a quote in that book) More than 4 lines of prose; More than 3 lines of verse; Guidelines for formatting block quotes: Place the quote in a free-standing block of text with NO quotation marks. Maintain double spacing. Start the quote on a new line and indent the entire block 1/2 inch from the left margin 7. If the original text for a quote or paraphrase can be found on more than one page, put the page range in the in-text citation. Examples: (Harris 274-75); (O'Connor 399-400). 8. If you use an indirect source (a source quoted by another source) without using any of th MLA 8 Citation Guide Journal Article with 3 or more Authors Search this Guide Search. MLA 8 Citation Guide One Author or Editor More info. In-text citation examples; General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc. Tip
What if I want to reference a work in an in-text citation that has more than one author? If a book or journal has one, two or three authors you should give all three names within your in-text citation and name all the authors in your works cited/ bibliography. For example: In-text: (Swales and Feak 87) Works cited/ bibliography 2. If your reference list includes more than one entry by the same author (or authors), include a comma after the author's name and an abbreviated form of the book title, in italics, in the parenthetical citation. If the author's name is mentioned in the sentence, it is not necessary to include it in the parenthetical citation Rule: In general, quoted material that runs more than one hundred words, or more than eight typed lines, is usually set off from the text (i.e. with indented margins); this is called a block quotation. Quotation marks are not used in this case. When endnotes or footnotes are used, cite the source of a block quotation in the standard manner MLA style in-text citation requires the author's name and a page number (if the source has page numbers and a specific page is referenced). Example of an MLA in-text citation without an attributive phrase: Evans' work has been characterized as masterful, but distinctly odd (Thomas 45) Multiple Sources: If you are crediting an idea to more than one source, separate citations with a semicolon within your in-text citation. Both authors agree that(Miles 16; Vukovich 27). MLA Handbook, 8th ed., p. 58. Time-based media: When citing media such as films or videos you can include a time code expressed as hours:minutes:seconds.
Author's Name Mentioned in the text Watson clearly explains this idea (519). While Watson (525-530), clearly differs with this assumption. What if the article or book has more than one author? Parenthetical citation can be difficult to understand (Smith and Jones 25). Source cited has more than two authors This will focus only on the in-text citation, but seen this guide for more information on MLA works cited citations. An MLA in-text citation can be done in two ways: Parenthetical; Narrative; Both approaches require you to know the following: Last name of the author; Page number; Parenthetical citation. One way to cite in the text is to use a.
To cite more than one reference in a single in-text citation, separate the references by semicolons. If the works are by the same author, use just the year and separate with a comma. See CMOS 15.30 for details If no author is given or a work is anonymous, cite the work by its title. Use the full title if it is brief or a shortened version if it is longer. When abbreviating a title, begin with the word by which it is alphabetized: A Glossary of Literary Terms Used in Nineteenth Century Literary Criticism becomes Glossary of Literary Term Also, the MLA in-text citation for sources with more than three authors should have the last name of the first author followed by the words et al. and pagination. However, for books and scholar articles with no authors, the MLA format in text citation should contain the corporate author of the sources